Discourse Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences
Volume 3 Issue 1 Page 7 - 14. January 2015

Copyright 2015 Discourse Journals


Full Length Research Paper

Indigenous Farm Management Practices among Rural Farmers: Implications for Sustainable Environment in South-East Agro-Ecological Zone, Nigeria

Odoemelam, L. E. and Ajuka, P. N.

Department of Rural Sociology and Extension, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria

Abstract

The study investigated the extents to which indigenous farm management practices can be used to sustain the environment in South East agro-ecological zone of Nigeria. Multi stage sampling procedure was used in the selection of the sample size. The South East agro-ecological zone is made up of Abia, Akwa Ibom and Ebonyi state. Two State, Abia and Ebonyi were purposively selected because they met the criteria for selection. From these two states one Local Government Area was randomly selected from each state. (Ohafia Local Government Area and Afikpo South Local Government Area respectively), and two communities were selected from each L.G.A and from these communities, 2 villages and 35 farm families were selected, bringing the total to 180 respondents. Data were generated through the use of structured questionnaire and Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and subsequently analyzed with the use of simple descriptive statistics major findings revealed all the indigenous management practices engaged by the respondents to sustain their environment. About 15 % of the respondents uses organic manure, inter-cropping 15 % , crop rotation 14 % , cover cropping 14 % , and shifting cultivation 10 % and other methods that were specific to their localities. The results show that the farmers in the study area use indigenous management of soils to sustain their environment. The paper recommends the need to incorporate these techniques into climate change polices as this can lead to the development of effective adaptive strategies that are cost-effective, participatory and environmentally friendly.

Keywords: Indigenous Knowledge, Soil Management Techniques and Rural Communities.

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