Discourse Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences
Volume 5 Issue 3 Page 28 - 34. June 2017

Copyright 2017 Discourse Journals


Perceived Effect of Cassava by – Products on Poverty Alleviation among Rural Dwellers in Abia State, Nigeria

Obinna Leo. O. and Umeh O Ifeanyi

Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike


Abstract

The study measured the variables: socio- economic characteristics of the respondents, identified the position of cassava- crop among other arable crops in the farming system of the study area; ascertained the level of preference of cassava by- products in the menu of the respondents; and determined the limiting factors to cassava- roots production in the study area. A sample size 144 respondents was generated via multi – stage sampling procedure. Data were generated using questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentage, mean, ranks, and pooled mean. Results showed 42 years as the mean age of the respondents and 83% of them were married and 14% single respectively. About 69, 41.7, and 27.8% of the respondents were males, farmers and traders respectively. About 78% of the respondents were literates and earned ₦30,291.67 as a mean monthly income. About 1.3 hectares of land was recorded as the mean farm size with 5 persons as the mean household size and about 69% of the respondents had extension contacts between once every week and once every month. Results further showed cassava – crop (X= 3.56) as the most cultivated and preferred arable crop amongst others in the study area. Garri + soup (X= 3.56) was equally, identified as the most consumed and preferred diet of cassava by- products. Inadequate farm- land ( 94%), irregularities in the acquisition of fertilizer (93%), high rate of fluctuation in the market demand for cassava by – products ( 92%), high rate of soil erosion/ landslide ( 90%), high cost of labour ( 83%), and late supply of fertilizer ( 69%) among others were identified as factors limiting the production of cassava- roots in the study area. The study concludes that cassava crop stands out as the most cultivated and most consumed source of carbohydrate in the study area. The study therefore, recommends more campaigns on the importance of value addition to cassava roots among the respondents. Extension Agents should gear more efforts in disseminating the pro vitamin variety of cassava to the rural farmers since the study has confirmed that garri is the most preferred cassava- by products and since, other studies have shown that cassava- by products contain low protein content. The best option to curtailing this problem, will be through the cultivation of pro- vitamin variety of cassava mostly in the study area.

Keywords: Cassava by – products, Poverty Alleviation, Rural Dwellers and Abia State

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