Journal of Microbiology Research and Reviews
Volume 4 Issue 1 Page 1 - 11. January 2017
Copyright 2017 Discourse Journals


Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in Pregnancy: A Concept Analysis

Judith Musona- Rukweza, Clara Haruzivishe, Francis Muchabaiwa Gidiri, Pasipanodya Nziramasanga and Babil Stray-Pedersen

1,2 University of Zimbabwe, College of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing Science
3 University of Zimbabwe, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
4 University of Zimbabwe, Department of Medical Microbiology.

5 Oslo University, Norway

Abstract

Asymptomatic bacteriuria is one of the most common infections that pregnant women experience. If this condition is undiagnosed or untreated early, an infected pregnant woman may develop pyelonephritis. Pyelonephritis in pregnancy often leads to premature birth, a leading cause of neonatal deaths worldwide. This loss of potential lives of new- borns result in sad and traumatic experiences by an expecting couple, family and community. This article assesses the operational definition for asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy as it is provided in several articles that were cited. Walker and Avant’s traditional method of concept analysis was used in this analysis. This approach is founded on realism, where concepts are viewed as static entities, with clear and distinct boundaries. The aims of this analysis were to clarify and increase an understanding about asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy. Analysis of the concept was useful in determining defining attributes, antecedents and consequences of asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy. Definitions of asymptomatic bacteriuria were extracted from dictionaries including the Mac Graw- Hill Concise Dictionary, Merriam Webster and Medical Dictionary. Published research articles by Saquib et al., (2002), Ruben et al., (1992), Imade et al., (2010), Frayne, (2011), Platt, (1983) and Muharram et al., (2012) provided useful definition of the concept. Several published articles including those by Manjula et al., (2016), Smail, (2007), Stein and Funfstuck (2000) and Ozyurek and Usta (2013) were useful in the clarification of perspective of asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy. There is need for Nurses to have an understanding of asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy as it is of primary concern to nursing practice, research and education.

Keywords: Asymptomatic bacteriuria, bacteriuria, pyelonephritis, screening, preterm birth, and concept analysis

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